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¿Dónde se habla inglés?

October 10, 2013

There are approximately 300 million native English speakers on our planet today, another 300 million who use English as a second language and a further 100 million who use it as a foreign language. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union and the International Olympic Committee. It is the universal language in areas such as aviation, medicine, computer science, diplomacy, sport and tourism. English is listed as the official or co-official language of over 50 countries. This is well over the amount of countries where the other most spoken languages are listed: 29 countries for French, 20 for Spanish and 17 for Arabic. The following list of countries all list English as an official or co-official language. Some of these countries have more than one official language and thus the inhabitants may speak other regional languages in addition to English.

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • AustraliaBest Internet Concept of global business from concepts series
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Canada
  • Dominica
  • Eritrea
  • Fiji
  • Gambia
  • Ghana
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • India
  • Ireland
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Malawi
  • Malta
  • Namibia
  • New Zealand
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Puerto Rico
  • Rwanda
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • Sudan
  • Tanzania
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Uganda
  • United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories
  • United States of America
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

In addition to this extensive list of geographic areas where English is an official language, there are many other countries where it is widely spoken by a large part of the population, particularly in some European countries. While Mandarin (Chinese) is currently spoken by more people, English is now the most widespread of the world’s languages. And interestingly enough, more Chinese people are currently studying English than in any other country. An incredible 100,000 native English speakers are currently teaching in China.

[spoiler title=”Spanish Translation”]Hay aproximadamente 300 millones de hablantes nativos de inglés en nuestro planeta hoy en día. Otros 300 millones quienes utilizan el inglés como segunda lengua y otros 100 millones más los cuales lo usan como lengua extranjera.  El inglés es uno de los idiomas oficiales de las Naciones Unidas, La Unión Europea y el Comité Olímpico Internacional. Es la lengua universal en áreas como la aviación, la medicina, la informática, la diplomacia, el deporte y el turismo. El inglés está listado como la lengua oficial (o co-oficial) en más de 50 países. Esto supera por mucho la cantidad de países donde listan los otros idiomas más hablados como lengua oficial: 29 países para el francés, 20 para el español y 17 para el árabe.  La lista de países a continuación registran el inglés como lengua oficial o co-oficial. Algunos países tienen más de una lengua oficial y en consecuencia los habitantes pueden hablar otras lenguas regionales además del inglés.

Además de esta extensa lista donde el inglés es lengua oficial, hay muchos otros países donde el inglés se habla extensamente por una gran parte de la sociedad, particularmente en algunos países de Europa. Mientras que el mandarín (chino) se habla actualmente por más numero de personas, el inglés es ahora el idioma más extendido por el mundo. Es interesante notar que actualmente más personas de China están estudiando el inglés que en ningún otro país. La increíble cantidad de 100,000 hablantes nativos del inglés están ejerciendo la enseñanza en China. [/spoiler]

This list highlights some of the main differences in vocabulary between British and American English. Depending on the region of the U.K. and the United States, speakers may choose certain terms.

British English American English Spanish
Autumn Fall, autumn Otoño
Bill Check, bill Cuenta, factura
Biscuit Cookie Galleta
Bonnet (car) Hood Capó
Boot (car) Trunk Maletero
Car Park Parking Lot Aparcamiento
Chemist´s Drugstore, Pharmacy Farmacia
Chest of drawers Dresser Cómoda
Chips French fries Patatas Fritas
Crisps Potato chips Patatas chips
Cinema Movie Theater Cinema
Crossroads Intersection Intersección
Driving Licence Driver´s license Carnet de conducir
Dummy Pacifier Chupete
Dustbin, bin Trash can, garbage can Cubo de la basura
Estate agent Real estate agent Agente inmobiliario
Estate car Station wagon Coche familiar
Film Movie Película
Flat Apartment Piso, apartamento
Handbag Purse Bolso
Holiday(s) Vacation Vacaciones
Jam Jelly Mermelada
Jelly Gelatin, Jello Gelatina
Jug Pitcher Jarra
Lift Elevator Ascensor
Lorry Truck Camión
Mad Crazy Loco
Maths Math Mates
Motorbike Motorcycle Motocicleta
Motorway Highway, Freeway, Expressway Autopista
Nappy Diaper Pañal
Pants, underpants Underwear, underpants Calconcillos
Pavement Sidewalk Acera
Petrol Gas, gasoline Gasolina
Post Mail Correo
Postbox Mailbox Buzón
Postcode Zip code Código postal
Pub Bar Bar
Return ticket Round-trip ticket Viaje de ida y vuelta
Roundabout Traffic circle Rotonda
Rubber Eraser Goma de borrar
Rubbish Garbage, trash Basura
Shop Store, shop Tienda
Solicitor Lawyer, attorney Abogado
Spanner Wrench Llave inglesa
Sweets Candy Caramelos
Taxi Cab, taxi Taxi
Tea towel Dish towel Paño de cocina
Timetable Schedule Horario
Tin Can Lata
Torch Flashlight Linterna
Trousers Pants Pantalones
Tube, underground Subway Metro, tren subterráneo
Vest Undershirt Camiseta interior
Waistcoat Vest Chaleco
Wellington boots Rain boots Botas de agua
Windscreen Windshield Parabrisas
Zip Zipper Cremallera

enfant et scolaritéSmall children learn languages more easily and more quickly than adults do. Starting to learn a foreign language when you are over the age of 18 is infinitely more difficult than if you start as a young child or better yet, a baby. Why is this?

Babies start to pick up on sounds of a language while in the womb. They listen to the “song” of the language(s) being spoken around them, the rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech, which linguists call prosody. If you hum a sentence in English the sound of that is the prosody. If someone then hums a sentence in Spanish, Russian or Chinese the prosody of each language will sound different. Of course, babies that are exposed to more than one language while in utero, and thus more than one prosody, have a head start on being bilingual or even trilingual later in life. Continue Reading…

The time is here! Set your clock and get ready! Today’s post is about expressions and idioms related to TIME. The following list contains some of the most commonly used English expressions regarding the passing of time with explanations and examples to make them clearer.

vintage watch

AGAINST THE CLOCK– in a hurry or with very little time.
They are working against the clock to have the house ready for the guests arriving Saturday.

A DAY LATE AND A DOLLAR SHORT– something that comes too late and isn’t worthwhile economically.
Yesterday we bought a used car after searching for weeks. Then today my uncle said we could have had his, but that it needs repairs. A day late and a dollar short!

AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR– something that happens at the last minute, almost at the end.
The opposing team scored a goal at the eleventh hour and won the game!

BETTER LATE THAN NEVER– it is better to do or have something late than not at all.
We wanted to give her the birthday present at her party but it wasn’t delivered until 3 days later. Well, better late than never!

DONKEY’S YEARS– for a very long time.
He’s been living in Spain for donkey’s years! It must be 30 years now!

Continue Reading…