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Lesson 8.2

Present Continuous

El presente continuo
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American male
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Grammatical Rules

Form

To form the present continuous, we must use the auxiliary verb “to be”, as well as the verb+ing.

Subject Auxiliary (to be) Verb+ing
I am talking , eating, learning, doing, going}…
he, she, it is talking, eating, learning, doing, going…
you, we, they are talking , eating, learning, doing, going…

Structure

1. Affirmative Sentences

Subject + auxiliary verb (to be) + verb+ing.

Examples:

 I’m talking.
 He’s eating.
 They’re learning.

2. Negative Sentences

Subject + auxiliary verb (to be) + negative auxiliary (not) + verb+ing.

Examples:

 I’m not talking.
 He’s not eating.
 They’re not learning.

3. Interrogative Sentences

Auxiliary verb (to be) + subject + verb+ing?

Examples:

 Are you talking?
 Is he eating?
 Are they learning?

Uses

1. The present continuous is used to speak about something that is happening at the moment in which we are speaking. Time expressions such as “now”, “right now” or “at the moment” are indicators of the present continuous.

Examples:

 I’m studying now.
 He’s eating at the moment.
 Is it raining?

2. We can also use the present continuous to talk about something that is happening now, but not necessarily at the moment when we are speaking. In this case, time expressions such as “currently”, “lately” or “these days” might be used.

Examples:

 They’re learning English.
 She’s currently looking for a job.
 Are you working much lately?

3. The present continuous may also be used to talk about something already decided in the near future. The use of the present continuous indicates that the future event is quite certain to happen.

Examples:

 I’m going to the party tonight.
 He’s not [He isn’t] coming to class tomorrow.
 Are you working next week?
Note: There are some verbs which may not be used in the continuous tenses. Further explanation, as well as a list of such verbs that cannot be used in the continuous tenses, can be found in the lesson on the continuous verb tenses. The following verbs cannot be used in the continuous tenses:


  be,   want,   need,   know,   prefer,   remember,
  understand,   care,   see,   hear,   smell,   believe,
  belong,   cost,   seem,   exist,   own,   like,   dislike,
  love,   hate,   fear,   envy,   mind…

Examples:

 David needs a new car.
David is needing a new car.
Note: There are some verbs which may not be used in the continuous tenses. Further explanation, as well as a list of such verbs that cannot be used in the continuous tenses, can be found in the lesson on the continuous verb tenses.


  be,   want,   need,   know,   prefer,   remember,
  understand,   care,   see,   hear,   smell,   believe,
  belong,   cost,   seem,   exist,   own,   like,   dislike,
  love,   hate,   fear,   envy,   mind…

Examples:

 David needs a new car.
David is needing a new car.
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