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Phrasal verb search




 

Direct and Reported Speech

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When we want to communicate or report what another person has said, there are two ways of doing so: direct speech and indirect or reported speech. In direct speech, what the person has said is placed within quotation marks (“…”) and should be word for word, however, when we use indirect or reported speech, the verb tense changes. Below is a table with an explanation of the tense changes in indirect or reported speech.

Direct Speech Reported Speech
present simple past simple
present continuous past continuous
past simple past perfect simple
past continuous past perfect continuous
present perfect simple past perfect simple
present perfect continuous past perfect continuous
past perfect simple past perfect simple
(*doesn’t change)
past perfect continuous past perfect continuous
(*doesn’t change)
Modal Verbs
will would
can could
must had to
shall should
may might/could

Time expressions also change in indirect or reported speech. Below is a table with an explication of these changes.

Direct Speech Indirect Speech
today that day
tonight that night
this week/month/year that week/month/year
tomorrow the next day
next week/month/year the following week/month/year
yesterday the day before or the previous day
last week/month/year the week/month year before or the previous week/month/year
now then/at that moment
Other changes
here there
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