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Lesson 1.2

Adverbs: Types and Positions

Los adverbios: Tipos y posiciones
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There are several types of adverbs which are distinguished by which questions they answer: “when?”, “where?”, “to what extent?”, “how?” or “how often?”. The position of the adverb within the sentence depends on the type of adverb.

Types of Adverbs

1. Adverbs of time: Respond to the question “when?”

  today,   tomorrow,   last week,   next month,   already,
  eventually,   still,   soon,   yet,  now,  later

Position: Adverbs of time generally are located before the verb or at the end of the sentence.

Examples:

 We went to Paris last year.
 I already finished my homework.
 See you later!
Note: “Yet” always goes at the end of the sentence. “Still” is located in front of the verb except when the verb is “to be”, in which case “still” is found after the verb. See the lesson on Already/Just/Still/Yet for more information.

Examples:

 I haven’t finished yet.
 He still needs to finish his homework.
 I am still waiting.
Note: “Yet” always goes at the end of the sentence. “Still” is located in front of the verb except when the verb is “to be”, in which case “still” is found after the verb. See the lesson, Already/Just/Still/Yet for more information.

Examples:

 I haven’t finished yet.
 He still needs to finish his homework.
 I am still waiting.

2. Adverbs of place: Respond to the question “where?

  here,   there,   everywhere,   nowhere

Position: In general, adverbs of place are located after the object of the sentence or after the verb.

Examples:

After the object

 Is she here?

After the verb

 I have searched everywhere, but I can’t find my keys.

3. Adverbs of degree: Respond to the question “to what extent?

  very,   really,   almost,   hardly,   quite,   barely

Position: Adverbs of degree are located in front of the word that they modify.

Examples:

 He was almost late for the meeting.
 We are very busy this week.
 I really hope she passes the exam.

4. Adverbs of manner: Respond to the question “how?

  loudly,   carefully,   softly,   beautifully,   fast,   hard…

Position: Adverbs of manner are found after the direct object of the sentence. If there is no object, these adverbs are found after the verb.

Examples:

After the object

 You speak English perfectly.
 She read the book quickly.

After the verb

 Please drive carefully.
 He runs fast.

5. Adverbs of frequency: Respond to the question “how often?

  often,   frequently,   usually,   sometimes,   rarely,
  seldom,   never

Position: Adverbs of frequency are located in front of the verb, but if the verb is “to be”, the adverb is located after the verb.

Examples:

 They are frequently late.
 She usually wears black.
 We never eat in restaurants.

WARNING! Adverbs are never located between the verb and the object of a sentence.

Examples:

 You speak English perfectly.
You speak perfectly English
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