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Phrasal verb search




 

The Gerund and Infinitive

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When one verb is followed by another verb, the second verb must be in the gerund or the infinitive. Generally, we use the infinitive after some verbs and the gerund after others. There are some verbs with which we can use either the gerund or the infinitive without changing the meaning of the sentences. In other cases, the use of one or the other changes the meaning of the sentence. These verbs are indicated in bold. Take note of the structures as indicated in the table, particularly for transitive verbs.

Verb Gerund Infinitive Structure
admit X verb + ing
advise X X verbo + ing o
verb + object + to
afford X verb + to
agree X verb + to
allow X X verb + ing o
verb + object + to
appear X verb + to
arrange X verb + to
ask X verb + to o
verb + object + to
attempt X verb + to
avoid X verb + ing
beg X verb + to o
verb + object + to
begin X X verb + ing o
verb + to
bother X X verb + ing o
verb + to
carry on X verb + ing
choose X verb + to
claim X verb + to
consider X verb + ing
continue X X verb + ing o
verb + to
decide X verb + to
deny X verb + ing
deserve X verb + to
detest X verb + ing
enable X verb + object + to
encourage X verb + object + to
enjoy X verb + ing
expect X verb + to o
verb + object + to
fail X verb + to
fancy X verb + ing
finish X verb + ing
force X verb + object + to
forget X X verb + ing o
verb + to
give up X verb + ing
go on X X verb + ing o
verb + to
hate X X verb + ing o
verb + to
help X verb + to o
verb + object + to
hope X verb + to
imagine X verb + ing o
verb + object + ing
intend X verb + to
invite X verb + object + to
keep (on) X verb + ing o
verb + object + ing
learn X verb + to
let X verb + object + infinitive (without “to”)
like X X verb + ing o
verb + to
love X X verb + ing o
verb + to
make X verb + object + infinitive (without “to”)
manage X verb + to
mean (intend) X verb + to o
verb + object + to
need X X verb + ing o
verb + to
offer X verb + to
order X verb + object + to
persuade X verb + object + to
plan X verb + to
postpone X verb + ing
prefer X X verb + ing o
verb + to
pretend X verb + to
promise X verb + to
put off X verb + ing
quit X verb + ing
recommend X X verb + ing o
verb + object + to
refuse X verb + to
regret X X verb + ing o
verb + to
remember X X verb + ing o
verb + to
remind X verb + object + to
risk X verb + ing
seem X verb + to
start X X verb + ing o
verb + to
stop X X verb + (object) + ing
o verb + to
suggest X verb + ing
teach X verb + object + to
tell X verb + object + to
tend X verb + to
threaten X verb + to
tolerate X verb + ing
try X X verb + ing o
verb + to
understand X verb + ing
want X verb + to o
verb + object + to
warn X verb + object + to
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