Not yet registered?
Join our Community and check your progress .







English courses


Lesson 5.1

Adjectives

Los adjetivos
Share this

Advertisements

Translate
to Spanish
American female
American male
British female
British male
Listen to
this lesson

An adjective is a word that modifies a noun*. Adjectives can denote a quality of the noun being modified or they can extend, complement or quantify the size or extent of the noun. Adjectives are words that name or indicate qualities, features, characteristics or properties of the noun which they modify.

Examples:

 the tall man
 a happy child
 a dark street
 a Spanish woman
 the red ball
 a cold winter
 the glass table

Types of Adjectives

In English there are six types of adjectives:

1. Descriptive/Qualitative

  fat,   blue,   nice,   hot,   young,   round,   long

2. Demonstrative

 this,   that,   these,   those

For more information, see the lesson on demonstrative pronouns.

For more information, see the lesson on demonstrative pronouns.

3. Quantitative

  some,   any,   many,   much

For more information, see the lesson on quantifiers.

For more information, see the lesson on quantifiers.

4. Interrogative

  which?,   what?,   where?,   how?

For more information, see the lesson on constructing questions.

For more information, see the lesson on constructing questions.

5. Possessive

  my,   your,   his,   our

For more information, see the lesson on possessive pronouns.

For more information, see the lesson on possessive pronouns.

6. Numeric

  one,   four,   first,   third

For more information, see the lessons on cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers.

For more information, see the lessons on cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers.

Grammatical Rules

1. The adjective is almost always situated in front of the noun, as we saw in the examples at the beginning of the lesson. With some verbs, the adjective is located after the verb. These verbs include:

  to be,   to become,   to feel,   to look,   to seem,   to smell,   to taste

Examples:

 She looks [seems] tired.
 I feel good.
 It smells bad.
 You are beautiful.

2. Adjectives in English are not gendered as in some other languages.

  fast,   good,   cold,   tall

3. In general, adjectives do not have a plural form. Only demonstrative and quantitative adjectives have different forms for singular and plural.

Demonstrative:

 this pencil
 these pencils

Quantitatives:

 much money
 many books

4. We can use two or more adjectives together.

Examples:

 a small black book
 a pretty Spanish woman
 a large glass table
 a wonderful old city

As a general rule, we follow the order in the table below when using more than one adjective together:

Order Adjective Type Examples
1 opinion/value   delicious, wonderful, pretty…
2 size   short, big, small, tall…
3 age/temperature   new, old, young, hot, cold…
4 shape/form   round, fat, thin, square…
5 color   red, black, blue, green…
6 origin   Spanish, American, French…
7 material   silver, cotton, paper, iron…
8 use   electric, political…
9 name   bath (towel)…
Translate
English Spanish
Listen to
this lesson

Complete the exercises in order to update your progress
Advertisements