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Lesson 4.1

Nouns

Los nombres
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American female
American male
British female
British male
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Nouns are used to refer to people, animals, objects, events, places and abstract ideas. As we saw in the lessons about articles, nouns in English are not gendered.

Nouns are used to refer to people, animals, objects, events, places and abstract ideas. As we saw in the lessons about articles, nouns in English are not gendered.

  teacher,   dog,   ball,   table,   party,   house,
  happiness

Plural Nouns

In the majority of cases, to form the plural in English, we add “-s” to the end of the word.

Examples:

 camera → cameras
 pen → pens
 house → houses
 car → cars

Exceptions:

1. With words that end in a consonant + “y”, the “y” changes to an “i” and we add “es”.

Examples:

 party → parties
 city → cities

2. With words that end in a vowel + “y”, we simply add “s”.

Examples:

 boy → boys
 toy → toys

3. For words that end in “s”, “ss”, “sh”, “ch”, “x” or “o”, we add “es”.

Examples:

 bus → buses
 glass → glasses
 brush → brushes
 watch → watches
 box → boxes
 tomato → tomatoes

4. Words that end in “f” or “fe”, we change to “ves”.

Examples:

 leaf → leaves
 wife → wives

Irregular Plural Nouns

Many plural nouns are irregular. There are two types of irregular nouns:

1. When the noun doesn’t change.

Examples:

 fish → fish
fishes
 sheep → sheep
sheeps

2. When the plural changes in an irregular manner. In this case, there is no rule to follow and therefore is necessary to learn the irregular forms of each of these plural nouns.

SingularPlural
  man   men
  woman   women
  child   children
  person   people
  tooth   teeth
  foot   feet
  mouse   mice
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