Prepositions of place are used to show where something is located and they are always found after the principal verb, regardless of the verb tense. These prepositions are most often used with the verb “to be”.
We have already seen the various uses of the three most common prepositions (“in”, “at”, “on”) in the previous lesson. Below you will find many other prepositions of place.
NEXT TO (BESIDE)
Meaning: adjacent or by the side of
Use: “Next to” and “beside” can be used interchangeably as the meaning is the same. The use of one over the other depends on the speaker and the context.
Meaning: in proximity to, near
Use: “By” may be used in the same contexts as “next to” or “beside”, but the meaning is closer to “near” rather than directly adjacent.
Meaning: in the time or space that separates
Meaning: in back of, to the rear of
IN FRONT OF vs. OPPOSITE
Meaning: the opposite of “behind” (when talking about people…see below) or across from
Use: We differentiate between these two prepositions when we are speaking about people. “Opposite” indicates that two people are facing one another (face to face), while “in front of” implies that one person is ahead of the other with their back to the person behind, as in a line or queue.
Meaning: below or beneath, implying the object is covered by something
Meaning: used in making comparisons, implying at a higher place than
Meaning: used in making comparisons, implying at a lower place than