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Lesson 4.4

Comparative Adverbs

Los adverbios comparativos
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As with adjectives, we can make comparisons using adverbs.

Examples:

 happy →   happily
 quiet →   quietly

Note: Keep in mind that some adverbs do not have a comparative or superlative form, such as adverbs of frequency like “sometimes” and “never”.

“-ly” Adverbs

1. To form the comparative form of adverbs ending in “-ly”, we use “more”.

Example:

 He visits his grandparents more frequently than his brother.

2. For the superlative form we use “most” (superiority) or “least” (inferiority).

Example:

 Brenda dances the most beautifully of the group.

3. We use “less” for comparisons of inferiority.

 I am less easily distracted than you.

Note: Don’t forget that when we are comparing two things, we use “than”. In addition, superlatives are generally preceded by “the”.

Unchanging Adverbs

Some adverbs maintain the same form as the adjective. For these adverbs, as with their adjective forms, we add “-er” to form the comparative and “-est” to form the superlative.

Adjetive Adverb Comparative Superlative
hard   hard   harder   hardest
fast   fast   faster   fastest

Examples:

 Who works the hardest in your office?
 I drove faster when I was younger.

Irregular Adverbs

The comparative and superlative forms of irregular adverbs are the same as their adjective forms.

Adjetive Adverb Comparative Superlative
  good   well   better   best
  bad   badly   worse   worst
  far   far   further   furthest

Examples:

 David speaks better English now than he did last year.
 Ben can throw a ball the furthest.

Note: See the lesson on comparative and superlative adjectives for more information.

Note: See the lesson on comparative and superlative adjectives for more information.

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