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Lesson 4.2

Adjectives Ending in "-ed" and "-ing"

Los adjetivos terminando en "-ed" y "-ing"
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The “-ed” and “-ing” endings are not only used to form the past and continuous verb tenses, they are used with adjectives as well. These adjectives are made using a verb and one of these two terminations, but be careful because the meaning of the adjective changes depending on which ending is used.

“-ed” Adjectives

Adjectives ending in “-ed” indicate or describe feelings.


 John is interested in art.
 Denise was bored in class.
 Luke is excited about his new job.

“-ing” Adjectives

Adjectives ending in “-ing” indicate or describe a characteristic of something or someone.


 John is an interesting person.
 The class was boring, so Denise fell asleep.
 Luke started an exciting new job.
Note: As mentioned above, the use of one adjective over the other changes the meaning of the sentence.


 Steve is embarrassed.(Meaning: Steve feels embarrassed.)
 Steve is embarrassing.(Meaning: Steve acts in a manner which is embarrassing.)

The following is a list of some of the more common adjectives ending in “-ed” and “-ing”.

“-ed” Adjective “-ing” Adjective
  alarmed   alarming
  aggravated   aggravating
  annoyed   annoying
  astonished   astonishing
  astounded   astounding
  bored   boring
  captivated   captivating
  challenged   challenging
  charmed   charming
  comforted   comforting
  confused   confusing
  convinced   convincing
  depressed   depressing
  disappointed   disappointing
  discouraged   discouraging
  disgusted   disgusting
  distressed   distressing
  disturbed   disturbing
  embarrassed   embarrassing
  encouraged   encouraging
  entertained   entertaining
  excited   exciting
  exhausted   exhausting
  fascinated   fascinating
  frightened   frightening
  frustrated   frustrating
  fulfilled   fulfilling
  gratified   gratifying
  inspired   inspiring
  insulted   insulting
  interested   interesting
  moved   moving
  overwhelmed   overwhelming
  perplexed   perplexing
  pleased   satisfying
  relaxed   relaxing
  relieved   relieving
  satisfied   satisfying
  shocked   shocking
  sickened   sickening
  soothed   soothing
  surprised   surprising
  tempted   tempting
  terrified   terrifying
  threatened   threatening
  thrilled   thrilling
  tired   tiring
  touched   touching
  unsettled   unsettling
  worried   worrying
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