“Either” and “neither” can be used as pronouns, determiners or adverbs. See below for an explanation of the differences between these two words.
“Either” implies a choice between two possible options. Note that the preposition “” is used between the two options.
| ||We can go to either the beach the swimming pool.|
| ||Either we wait for the rain to stop we must change our plans.|
“Neither” indicates agreement between two negative ideas. With “neither”, the two ideas are separated by the preposition “”.
| ||Neither Henry Chris want to go to the beach.|
| ||Neither the school the parents want to take responsibility for the problem.|
Note: When we want to indicate agreement between two affirmative ideas, we use “both”.
| ||Both my parents work at the hospital.|
| ||Both teams are preparing for the championship.|
In function as a pronoun
When “either” or “neither” are used as a pronoun, they are followed by the preposition “” as well as a .
| ||Neither studied very hard.|
| ||Either can do it. Who do you prefer?|
In function as an adverb
When used as an adverb, “either” and “neither” function like connectors in negative sentences. Note the structural differences between the two.
| ||Greg can’t eat fish because he is allergic and neither can I.|
| ||Greg can’t eat fish because he is allergic and I can’t either.|
In function as a determiner
As determiners, “either” and “neither” are found directly before the .
| ||I don’t know, neither really suits you.|
| ||Either could be interesting.|
Note: There is quite a bit of confusion regarding the use of the singular or the plural with these words. As a rule, if the two parts are in singular, we use the and if the one of the two or both the parts are in plural, we use the .
| ||Either my sister or my brother going to get their own bedroom, but I still have to share.|
| ||Neither the dress or the shoes appropriate for the party.|