No account yet?   Register

Forgot your password?

Log in with Facebook

Log in with Google
Already have an account?   Enter
I accept the terms and conditions and the privacy policy of curso-ingles.com

Sign up with Facebook

Sign up with Google
Confirm your profile
Your profile was registered correctly.
We have sent an email to the provided address.
To confirm your profile and log in, open the mail message and click on the included link.

Recover your password
Already have an account?   Enter

No account yet?   Register

Log in with Facebook

Log in with Google
Retrieve password
We have sent an email to .
Follow the mail instructions to reset your password.
The message can take 5 minutes to get into your inbox. If you don't receive the email, check your spam folder or request another one.

    Learn Courses Basic level Pronouns Reflexive pronouns

Pronouns - Lesson 1.4

Reflexive Pronouns

(Los pronombres reflexivos)

"I cooked this MYSELF." In this sentence "myself" is the reflexive pronoun. We use reflexive pronouns when the subject does the action to him/herself. Continue below to learn more.

Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and the complement of the verb are the same. While reflexive verbs are common in many other languages, they are not used as frequently in English. When necessary, the verb is followed by one of the following reflexive pronouns:

Reflexive Pronouns Example
  myself   I saw it for myself.
  yourself   Don’t burn yourself!
  himself   He hurt himself.
  herself   She did it herself.
  itself   The cat scratched itself.
  ourselves   We made it ourselves.
  yourselves   Did you paint the house yourselves?
  themselves   They were speaking to themselves.

Note: “You” can be either singular or plural. Note the reflexive form of the singular (“yourself”) and the plural (“yourselves”).

Grammatical Rules

1. We can use reflexive pronouns with most transitive verbs, but among the most common are:

  blame,   cut,   enjoy,   help ,   hurt ,   introduce,   prepare,   teach


  How did he hurt himself?
  We really enjoyed ourselves while on holiday.
  I blame myself.

2. We can use reflexive pronouns when we want to emphasize the subject. In these cases, it is more common to place the pronoun at the end of the sentence rather than after the verb.


  We painted the house ourselves.
  What a great party! Did you prepare everything yourself?

3. We use “by” + reflexive pronoun to indicate “alone”.


  I often prefer to be by myself.
  She learned to read all by herself.

4. The use of the reflexive pronoun with some verbs can change the meaning.


  Help yourself to some coffee. (meaning: take some coffee)
  We found ourselves in the middle of a very complicated situation. (meaning: to discover unexpectedly)

5. We do not use reflexive pronouns for actions that people usually do for themselves.


  I have to shave every other day.
I have to shave myself every other day.

6. We use reflexive pronouns with certain expressions.


  Behave yourselves! (meaning: behave well)
  Help yourself. (meaning: said to someone when offering something, such as food or drink)
  Make yourself at home. (meaning: said to a guest to encourage them to feel comfortable in your home)

Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are formed with the phrase “each other”. This is not a reflexive form, but rather a reciprocal one. In contrast to the reflexive, we have two different subjects that are talking one to one.


  John and Peter speak to each other every day.
Previous lesson Demonstrative Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns Listen to Lesson