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Lesson 8.4

Sequencing and Summarizing

Palabras de secuencia y resumen
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Sequencing Ideas

When we want to present a sequence of ideas, we can use these linking words:

Firstly, secondly…lastly

These linking words are always found at the beginning of a sentence and are always followed by a comma.

Example:

 You should quit smoking. Firstly, it’s bad for your health. Secondly, it is expensive. Lastly, it smells terrible!

The following

Although most often found at the beginning of a sentence, it can also be found within the sentence.

Examples:

 The following linking words can be used to when we want to summarize what was said: ‘in conclusion’, ‘to conclude’ and ‘in summary’.
 When we want to summarize what was said, we can use the following linking words: ‘in conclusion’, ‘to conclude’ and ‘in summary’.

Summarizing

The following linking words are generally used at the beginning of a paragraph to summarize what was said or written. All of these summarizing linking words are used at the beginning of a sentence and are followed by a comma.

In conclusion

Example:

 In conclusion, if we want to save the environment, we must act quickly.

To conclude

Example:

 To conclude, if we want to save the environment, we must act quickly.

In summary

Example:

 In summary, if we want to save the environment, we must act quickly.

In short/brief

Example:

 In short, if we want to save the environment, we must act quickly.
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8.3 Giving Reason

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